As a witness, you are simply being called upon to state what you know. The rules of evidence will normally govern exactly what you can be asked and what you can testify to. In most instances you are going to be asked questions about things you have personal knowledge of or documents that you have personal knowledge of.
In any trial or hearing the evidence that is presented comes in the form of testimony or in the form of documents that are presented. Testimony is simply that, i.e. a person testifying as to what he or she knows about a particular event or matter. A document likewise can be evidence of what that person knows and may serve as a substitute for further testimony on that subject.
See Brien Roche’s book Law 101 published by Sphinx Publishing for more information on this subject.
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For more information about witnesses see the pages on Wikipedia.